Pauling's one request at that time was that we keep the price affordable for students. Linus Pauling is of course the only Dover author to win two Nobel prizes, for Chemistry in and for Peace in ; he is the only winner in history of two unshared Nobel Prizes.
Quantum mechanics in biological systems (I): Introduction - Mapping Ignorance
In the Author's Own Words: "Satisfaction of one's curiosity is one of the greatest sources of happiness in life. Critical Acclaim for General Chemistry : "An excellent text, highly recommended.
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For example, lithium, sodium, potassium and cesium react with water vigorously, and their reactivity increases as their atomic weights increase. This discovery led to their arrangement in a periodic table in the 19th century. During the 20th century, chemists have studied the structure of atoms. The discovery of electrons in by J. Thomson showed that there were more fundamental particles present in the atoms.
Fourteen years later, Rutherford discovered that most of the mass of an atom resides in a tiny nucleus whose radius is , times smaller than that of an atom. In the meantime, Max Planck theorized that light beams were made of photons that are equivalent to particles of wave motion. These discoveries created new concepts. When these concepts and discoveries are integrated, new ideas emerge.
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The result is a quantum theory , named perhaps from the discrete nature of energy levels in microscopic systems. This theory gives good interpretations of the phenomena of the atomic and subatomic world.
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In this microscopic world, distances are measured in nanometers 10 -9 or 1e-9 meter and fantometers 1e meter, also called fermi, in honour of Fermi who built the first nuclear reactor. The quantum theory has many mathematical approaches, but the philosophy is essentially the same. Quantum mechanics is the foundation of chemistry, because it deals with subatomic particles, as well as atoms, molecules, elements, compounds, and much larger systems. At the sub-atomic scale, there is no boundary between particles and waves.
In fact, both particles and wave properties must be considered simultaneously for a system. The study of quantum mechanics lead us to understand the material and the universe beyond the general perception of matter by our ordinary senses of tasting, seeing, hearing, feeling, and sensing. Furthermore, when coupled with the theory of relativity developed by Einstein, there is no boundary between material and energy. Energy and mass are equivalent, and they can convert into each other. On this and some related pages that follow, you are introduced to the quantum theory for the treatment of the hydrogen atom.
The quantum theory does much more than explaining the structure of the simplest atom, it rationalizes the existence of the chemical elements. The most widely used periodic table of chemical elements today is based on the results of quantum theory. What we tend not to appreciate today is the hard work and ingenuity that went into the development of the quantum theory we today take for granted.
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A hydrogen atom is the simplest atom. It consists of a proton in the nucleus and an electron around it. This type of atom is also the most abundant atom in the solar system, as well as the universe.
Quantum Mechanics/Introduction to QM
Closer to home, hydrogen is also very abundant on the surface of the planet of Earth. Most hydrogen atoms are combined with oxygen to form the water molecule. Concise yet comprehensive presentation. Straightforward writing style —Entertains and informs without intimidating.
Introduction to Quantum Theory
Relevant examples and problems Links them closely to text material. Computer-based problems, using Mathematica, have been added to the second edition. New to This Edition. The best-selling quantum mechanics book. Completely rewritten chapter on the formalism of quantum mechanics —Chapter 3.
Introduction to Quantum Theory
Many added problems and worked examples. Table of Contents I. The Wave Function. Previous editions. Introduction to Quantum Mechanics. Sign In We're sorry! Username Password Forgot your username or password?