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But there has never been a debate of the dynamic expanding universe VS the dynamic non-expanding universe. The Universe Is Infinite Part 1 —overcoming a "central" problem of cosmology theories. The Universe Is Infinite Part 2 —an explanation of how the universe can always have existed and will always exist. The goal has now been achieved. The present Paper details the surprisingly simple distance expression and its validating agreement with Supernova data. Key differences between the Conventional Cosmology and the New Cosmology are presented. The Dynamic Steady State Universe.

This work brings together the main pieces of the cosmic puzzle in a step-by-step construction of the Natural Universe. Published in Physics Essays Vol. The article is competent, enjoyable and readable. Local copy with quality images: Reprint pdf. If one is to claim some great clash of ideas let alone the "greatest" then surely there must exist some deep dividing difference!

Astract and Links. Cosmic Core website : Lavishly illustrated. Includes many articles discussing DSSU theory and cosmology. The nodal galaxy structures are quite interesting. A historical tour of universes culminating with the Natural Universe —This essay gives a thematic tour of historical and modern universes. While the Universe is endlessly speaking, forever sending signals; philosophers and scientists listen and interpret. A powerful paper that resolves the cause-of-causes paradox, explains the non-independent nature of time, and reveals the 'supreme advantage'.

It includes a concise comparison with standard cosmology focusing on real-world viability. Supplementary Discussion: The Primary Process. Contains only a bare minimum of mathematics and mainly in one of the 14 sections. The Aether Experiments and the Impact on Cosmology —Aether was detected first in and then several more times during the 20th century. Its 21st—century "rediscovery" in led to the long-sought causal mechanism of gravity —a discovery which, in turn, is revolutionizing cosmology.

Michelson-Morley and the Story of the Aether Theory —Richard Milton's analysis of the historical details involving the misrepresentation, bias, and cover-up that hampered the Aether theory. The History of the Aether Theory —The historic development of the aether as a scientific theory of space itself. What started as the "fifth element" of Antiquity becomes molded by theoretical constraints and experimental evidence into the dual-dynamic sub-quantum medium —the Essence of the Universe.

A simple derivation of the mathematical expression for this physical phenomenon is presented. There is also a brief discussion of relevant historical aspects and of nonphysical length contraction. Published in Applied Physics Research journal Vol. Contradiction Divides Two Aether Theories —An exploration into the three parts of the speed-of-light postulate. ABSTRACT Basic-level mathematical and graphical exploration of dynamic aether flow: PDF Here is an external webpage with an extensive list of research papers on the aether-drift experiments, and the larger question of energy in space.

Provides a preamble and overview for a couple of earlier DSSU articles. Ranzan —A revolutionary paper on gravity published in J. Includes link to hi-resolution PDF " Revolutionary ".

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The Processes of Gravitation A Logical extension of special relativity. Published in Physics Essays journal Vol. Variance vs invariance. Another instance of the Heraclitian "Harmony of Opposites. Posted , July. Without them, there would be a fatal contradiction between the observations made by astronomers and the predictions of the big bang theory.

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In no other field of physics would this continual recourse to new hypothetical objects be accepted as a way of bridging the gap between theory and observation. It would, at the least, raise serious questions about the validity of the underlying theory. A devastating Declaration of opposition to Big Bang cosmology signed by more than Researchers.

For the full text click on: CosmologyStatement. Those of us involved in replacing the unnatural expanding-universe paradigm are aware of the difficulties involved. However, other revisionists have unimaginable difficulties. Every punishing instrument imaginable is used, every vicious slander conceivable, every flagrant and pervasive form of censorship that law allows, including the imprisonment of simple writers for thought crimes against the State.

Makes you wonder. Smith "Discussing truth is so controversial, so dangerous … In most of the world it is simply illegal. Reporter-journalist Arthur Topham , Canadian victim of the Inquisition, arrested for posting his research. End of free speech in Britain: A hostile jury, by a hasty unanimous verdict, decided that Nationalist Leader Jez Turner deserves to be sent to jail for his critical views! Report British Maverick Psychologist jailed for publishing his research. This is unprecedented. Professor Anthony J.

Hall at the University of Lethbridge, Alberta, has been suspended October 5 without pay. Updates are posted at www. The Continuing Struggle for Freedom. A ray of hope in the ongoing struggle for freedom. Molyneux, 7-minute video on the importance of freedom of speech. In repressive Germany:. Haverbeck, along with her late husband, founded the education facility Collegium Humanum in , but which was banned by the Marxist thought police in The sprightly grandmother is now serving a two-year prison term without parole merely for stating a sincerely held opinion that is supported by acclaimed academics worldwide!!

She had committed no crime. Author Mike Walsh warns potential visitors to Germany to stay away from this dangerous police state. Found guilty and sentenced to 10 months of imprisonment time served ; her brother Alfred was sentenced to 38 months!! For more on Freedom and Objectivism , visit: Freedomain Radio www. Just Right Media www. Most recent update: Sept Visits since mid :. Conrad Ranzan rev Other World Systems 3. Summary : Who Needs a Force of Gravity? Gravity, in fact, is not a true force.

It needs NO force carriers. Most people are surprised to learn that Copernicus , indeed, did not need a gravitational force. In his "revolutionary" view, the Earth did not need a gravitational force and neither did the Copernican Solar System.

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The motion of Earthly objects and of the planets and other heavenly bodies was governed by principles developed by the Ancients. Gravity was not one of them. Credit: Synnberg Photo-gravure Co. The cosmos was ruled by the principles of natural motion.

The Search for Non-Newtonian Gravity

The natural motion of any terrestrial object involved "seeking its natural place. The natural motion of celestial bodies involved moving in circles around the Earth and, so, accorded with their natural position as an embedded body on one or another transparent-and-rotating celestial sphere. In the celestial realm Aristotle's system embodied Pythagoras's geometric ideal of perfect circular orbits.

In the celestial realm, as in the terrestrial, no force was involved. We could go even further back, before the time of Aristotle, and consider the rings-and-spheres system devised by Anaximander. Anaximander argued that the Sun was a hole in a fire-filled ring that encircled the Earth and revolved around it. The Moon was an opening in a separate fire-filled ring. The Moon-ring, however, had passages shaped like pipes through which the light from the fire escaped.

Thus the phases of the Moon were explained by the Moon-pipe opening seen from various angles. The stars, he believed, were nothing more than holes in a rotating sphere, revealing otherwise hidden fires of the firmament. And what, you might ask, kept the rings and spheres turning and kept the heavenly bodies moving along their celestial paths before the discovery of "natural motion" by the Ancients?

It was the intervention of divine beings, the truly ancient mythical gods. It was pure magic. Helios the God of the Sun was conveyed in a chariot drawn by seven horses on daily journeys across the sky. The Egyptian version has Ra the Sun God being ferried by a heavenly boat as it cyclically sails across the daylight sky and through the dark Underworld. Each wandering star planet was under the control of a god or several gods. Although Aristarchus is usually credited with being the first to place the Sun in a stationary state at the center of the universe the idea can be traced back to earlier philosophers.

There was Philolaus of Croton, a pupil of the Pythagorean school in the 5th century BC, who suggested that the Earth orbits the Sun, not vice versa. The final touches were added by Aristarchus, who was born in BC, the same year that Heracleides died. No force was required. Earth and the planets simply followed preordained, perfectly circular, orbits.

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However, having the Sun stationary at the center with the Earth flying around in "natural circular motion" was, at the time, considered too radical! The idea was shelved and lay dormant for almost eighteen centuries. The Greek State and later the Roman State was the center of the civilized world —the focal point of reason and order. But it is the nature of a powerful State to inflate its own importance beyond all reasonable bounds. Why be content with holding the central position of Man's world, when the State could be at the very center of the Cosmos.

And so, the Geocentric system received State sponsorship, the Heliocentric system did not. And the Earth became the center of the Universe. For a modern analogy consider the American State during the 20th century. This powerful nation vastly expanded its influence and dominance over the world. It comes as no surprise that, as the ruling imperial State, it would and did sponsor an expanding-universe cosmology. The idea of a stable and steady-state universe was ridiculed.

And so, our Worldview became dominated by an absurdly unnatural Big Bang. It happened that Aristotle's system rose to dominancy.

The Real Meaning of Einstein's Gravitational Waves - The Atlantic

Sadly, what was actually valid, the Aristarchean Heliocentricity , had been rejected; and what was dubiously valid, the natural state of circular motion, had been retained. In time, this error, no doubt, would have been discovered and quickly corrected. However, the Geocentric system became the "official" system backed by State and Church often one and the same.

Aristotle's Worldview became the theoretical foundation of Claudius Ptolemy's detailed astronomical system documented in the Almagest. It was also adopted by the Christian Church to the future consternation of Galileo. Fast-forward many long centuries. It is the 16th century and Nicolaus Copernicus has rediscovered the old Aristarchean System. By this time, not surprisingly, things had changed very little. The Official system still reigned almost supreme and everything still worked without a force of gravity. Hesse [3]. Scott Barr Collection Copernicus, as well as Galileo, simply went with the flow: Aristotle had stated the rules of natural motion; the rules were understood and had become an enduring part of natural philosophy.

There seemed no reason to change the fundamentals of the world system. In this light, the Copernican revolution of demoting the functional position of the Earth appears rather timid. First and foremost, Johannes Kepler , after brilliantly analyzing the numbers that Tycho Brahe had collected over many years, discovered that orbits of the local heavenly bodies did not have the divined perfection of circles. The visible planets actually moved in elliptical orbits.

Now, this was revolutionary.

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Whereas Copernicus and Galileo had made changes in the visible structure of the world system, Kepler forced changes in the very foundation. Meanwhile, the work of Galileo led to the "discovery" that the natural state of motion is neither circular nor exponentially downward, but rather uniformly linear. Galileo, after conducting numerous experiments with rolling balls, concluded that in the ideal case of zero resistance, horizontal motion would never stop.

Galileo's rule for horizontal motion: Velocity is constant constant magnitude, constant direction provided no force acts on the body. In the absence of a net force the motion of the moving ball continues without change in a linear fashion. Newton, building on the foundation laid by Galileo, formalized the state of natural motion in a single statement: An object that is at rest will remain at rest, and an object that is moving will continue to move in a straight line with constant speed, if and only if the net force acting on the object is zero.

Let me sum up the situation. Aristotle, Copernicus, and Galileo thought they had the ideal explanation for the orbital motions of the heavenly bodies. Aristotle had his rotating harmonious spheres. Copernicus had his idealized Solar system. Galileo had his Creator-induced heavenly-motion. They all believed that the natural motion of heavenly bodies is circular. But, in due course, Kepler found that that belief did not match reality. Kepler discovered that the planetary orbits are not circular.

Real-world orbits are elliptical! Why was this discovery so revolutionary? Because it meant there was some kind of force, or influence, causing the planets to vary in speed and radial distance. It meant there was a force that causes the new Newtonian "natural" motion to deviate from its natural straight-line path. Jourdan, A. Lambrecht, F. Comin and J.

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Physics Lesson 4 - Newtonian Gravity

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